Vol.29, No.1-2, June-December 2016
Upward Graph in Strategic Ties between India and the United States: Implications for Asian Security Architecture by B.M. Jain
The article aims to examine the underlying correlates and dynamics of expanding strategic partnership between India and the United States within the framework of “complex interdependence.” The paper will discuss the implications of India-US strategic partnership for India-China relations, India-Pakistan relations. It is the hypothesis of the article that India’s importance in US policy agenda is driven by the shifting of power towards China in the Asia-Pacific region- a potential challenge to the shared strategic interests of New Delhi and Washington. There is a broad convergence of geostrategic and geo-economic interests between two countries following a dramatic transformation in their relationship with the end of the Cold War and the demise of the Soviet Union.
A couple of questions have been examined in the article, which include whether India can be a stabilizing factor in Afghanistan after the withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan. What is the future of India-US strategic partnership given asymmetric power structures between them? Whether or not India-US divergent perceptions on regional issues in the Middle East and Central Asia will be a hurdle in their security partnership?
Keywords: India-US Relations, complex interdependence, India-China relations
2. India-Japan Relations and Asia’s Emerging Geopolitics by Vinay Kaura
The India-Japan engagements are not just focused on economic issues, but they also include a wide range of interests encompassing regional security, maritime issues, energy security and United Nations reforms. Both are formulating a strategic partnership to mitigate the risks and vulnerabilities arising out of the current transition of power in Asia. By closely cooperating on matters pertaining to Asian security, India and Japan are now investing in a long-term strategy to balance China’s hegemonic policies. Bilateral relationship is now poised to enter a dynamic new phase.
Keywords: India-Japan relations, China, Asia, geopolitics, Asian security
3. The Obama Administration and Southeast Asia: Dynamics of a New Engagement by Hang Nguyen
This article aims to examine the Obama administration’s re-engagement with Southeast Asia. It explains how and why the United States has sought to increase its involvement with Southeast Asia after a period of relative neglect. The article illuminates that during the Obama administration, US relations with Southeast Asian countries have expanded by broadening trade and economic ties, building up partnership, increasing development assistance, and deepening diplomatic activities. Though there are obstacles before the Obama administration to carry forward the engagement policy toward Southeast Asia, the United States can manage to engage with the region deeply and effectively. The article suggests that the next president should build on the Obama administration’s progress to expand the US presence and influence in Southeast Asia in a way that contributes to regional peace and prosperity.
Keywords: The Obama administration, re-engagement, Southeast Asia, ASEAN
4. China’s Compliance with the WTO: A Critical Examination by Romi Jain
The accession of the Communist China to the neoliberal World Trade Organization (WTO) in December 2001 was an event of pivotal significance to both China and the global economy. Against this backdrop, this article examines and evaluates China’s approach to the WTO rules by analyzing a range of its practices, including handling of the trade disputes as a respondent. It argues and attempts to demonstrate that even though an amalgam of realism, liberalism, rational choice institutionalism and constructivism reflects in China’s behaviour and practices, it is realism that reigns supreme, based on the national interest articulated by the Chinese leadership. The article concludes that unless challenged by prudent counter-measures, China will continue to be guided supremely by its narrowly-defined national interest, rather than strictly adhering to the well-established WTO rules, with implications for foreign traders and investors.
Keywords: China, WTO, realism, liberalism, WTO dispute settlement mechanism
5. South China Sea and India’s Geopolitical Interests by Nandini Jawli
The South China Sea dispute involves island and maritime claims among China and several nations within the region. China claims to have historically exercised exclusive control over the waters, a claim rejected by the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague. As a high proportion of the world’s trade passes through the South China Sea, there are many non-claimant nations including India that want the South China Sea to remain as international waters, with many nations including the United States of America conducting ‘freedom of navigation’ operations. The region holds importance for India as Indian trade and economic linkages are growing with East Asian nations and with the Pacific region. India also believes that the disputes between SE Asian littoral states are a litmus test for international maritime law and that freedom of navigation and commercial access as enshrined in the UNCLOS must be ensured in the region.
Keywords : South China Sea, China, India, littoral states, freedom of navigation
6. Hong Kong and Bollywood in the Global Soft Power Contest by Satish Kolluri and Joseph Tse-Hei Lee
Much has been written about the desire of China and India to see their cinemas, television programs, and cultural products become competitive in the global media market. What is missing is a comparative analysis that brings together Hong Kong and Bombay, two Asian cities with their successful film industries that transcend the conventional categories of Chinese and Indian national cinemas, and reposition themselves as new cultural forces in the pantheon of world cinema. This article highlights the phenomena of cinematic appropriation, elaboration, and plagiarism in the cultural flows between Hollywood, Hong Kong, and Bollywood. It examines the force of globalization that has driven Hong Kong Chinese and Indian producers to make films for nontraditional audiences, to address controversies in their works, and to gain legitimacy from and negotiate with various state authorities. The investigation entails not just a mere description of two local-turned-global Asian film industries but also represents an attempt to theorize a fruitful area of study.
Keywords: Hong Kong, Bollywood, soft power, China, India, cinemas